Root canal treatment is an endodontic treatment that involves the removal of the infected dental pulp and cleaning out the root canals. It is a highly effective treatment when you have a tooth that is severely infected. If a root canal procedure doesn't take care of your problem, the last resort option would be to have a tooth removed.
What Causes Root Canal Infection?
The most common cause of a root canal infection is when you don't take care of your oral hygiene. Plaque and tartar deposits can accumulate on your teeth and can cause cavities if not removed at an early stage. After the tartar deposits are removed, if the cavity isn't restored, it can lead to infection of the dental pulp.
Root canal infection can also be caused due to trauma to the mouth that leads to broken teeth. When a tooth is broken, its underlying pulp can be exposed to microbes and develop an infection. This can also lead to root canal infection if it isn't treated at an early stage.
What Are the Symptoms of Root Canal Infection?
- The infected tooth will appear dull in color and will have a hole in its center.
- There will be severe pain in the infected tooth when you bite or chew food.
- The gums around the infected tooth may swell and turn red.
- The infected tooth may loosen from its socket due to decay.
- The person may experience fever.
What Is the Root Canal Treatment Procedure?
Your dentist will thoroughly examine your mouth and take X-rays to determine how infected your tooth is. Local anesthesia will be administered to numb your tooth and surrounding gums, after which they will remove the decay and access the tooth’s root canal cavity. After removing the infected dental pulp, our dentist uses files to clean out all traces of debris and bacteria from the tooth’s root canals, after which they will place a small amount of filling material in them to prevent more damage and reinstate your tooth's strength. Lastly, we will cover the treated area with a crown so that the tooth isn't damaged by biting or chewing hard food items, such as hard candy, pizza crust, etc.
Aftercare After Root Canal Treatment
You may experience slight discomfort or sensitivity when eating or drinking hot or cold foods for about 72 hours after your treatment procedure. You can take painkillers like ibuprofen for relief from discomfort. Avoid consuming hot foods and beverages for 3-4 days after your treatment procedure and keep using an ice pack on your cheek for 20 minutes every hour for two days after your treatment procedure to control swelling.
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