Root canal treatment is an endodontic treatment that involves the removal of the infected dental pulp and cleaning out the root canals. The pulp is the soft tissue found in the center of each tooth. It contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue. The pulp helps to grow the root of your tooth during development. A root canal procedure is needed when the pulp inside your tooth becomes inflamed or infected. This can be caused by deep decay or a crack in your tooth. If a root canal procedure doesn't take care of your problem, the last resort option would be to have a tooth removed.
What Causes Root Canal Infection?
The most common cause of a root canal infection is when you don't take care of your oral hygiene. Plaque and tartar deposits can accumulate on your teeth and can cause cavities if not removed at an early stage. After the tartar deposits are removed, if the cavity isn't restored, it can lead to infection of the dental pulp.
Root canal infection can also be caused due to trauma to the mouth that leads to broken teeth. When a tooth is broken, its underlying pulp can be exposed to microbes and develop an infection. This can also lead to root canal infection if it isn't treated at an early stage.
What Are the Symptoms of Root Canal Infection?
Signs and symptoms of a tooth root infection include the following:
- The infected tooth will appear dull in color and will have a hole in its center.
- There will be severe pain in the infected tooth when you bite or chew food.
- The gums around the infected tooth may swell and turn red.
- The infected tooth may loosen from its socket due to decay.
- The person may experience fever.
What Is the Root Canal Treatment Procedure?
Root canal procedure usually takes one to three visits, but occasionally, your dentist or endodontist may recommend additional visits. The first visit includes a dental examination and treatment planning. After the doctor examines your tooth and determines the best course of treatment, he or she will schedule another appointment for your root canal.
Your Dentist in Fort Worth, TX, will thoroughly examine your mouth and take X-rays to determine how infected your tooth is. Before the procedure begins, the dentist will administer anesthesia so that you will feel no pain or discomfort during the procedure. This sedative can be in pill form or by injection.
Once the anesthesia takes effect, the dentist will begin the procedure. The dentist will remove the decay and access the tooth's root canal cavity. Then, the dentist will use special dental instruments to clean out the infection. The dentist will also use a dental microscope to check for any lingering infection. After removing the infected dental pulp, our dentist uses files to clean out all traces of debris and bacteria from the tooth's root canals, after which they will place a small amount of filling material in them to prevent more damage and reinstate your tooth's strength.
What Happens After A Root Canal Procedure?
When you have a root canal treatment, the inflamed or infected pulp is removed from the tooth. The tooth is then cleaned and filled with a filling material called gutta-percha. If your tooth is cracked, you may need a crown.
A crown covers the tooth and restores it to its normal function and shape. A crown may be needed if there is too much damage for the tooth to be restored with a filling. Crowns also cover dental implants, which replace missing teeth.
Aftercare After Root Canal Treatment
You may experience slight discomfort or sensitivity when eating or drinking hot or cold foods for about 72 hours after your treatment procedure. You can take painkillers like ibuprofen for relief from discomfort. Avoid consuming hot foods and beverages for 3-4 days after your treatment procedure and keep using an ice pack on your cheek for 20 minutes every hour for two days after your treatment procedure to control swelling.
How To Prevent Root Canal Infection?
You can prevent root canal infection by brushing at least twice a day and flossing daily. This helps to remove harmful plaque and bacteria from your teeth. Also, you must visit your dentist at least twice a year for cleanings and exams.